Prevalence of Sleeping Disorders in Individuals

Somipathy is the medical term for sleeping disorders; these are medical conditions, which disrupt the sleep of an individual. These disorders are associated with the sleep patterns of an individual. These conditions, if left untreated may interfere with emotional, physical and mental physiology. A medical test called polysomnography is conducted to detect sleep disorders in an individual. When a person lacks sleep, without any notice of practical causes and reasons, the condition is termed as ‘insomnia’. Sometimes, excessive sleeping is also considered as a typical sleeping disorder, which is conditionally termed as ‘hypersomnia’. The sleep disorders may tend to be severe from being mild, affecting the overall well being of the subject.

The most common and widely prevailing sleeping disorders

The most common and widely prevailing sleeping disorders are as follows:

  • Primary insomnia: This is a condition, when an individual fails to acquire the necessary amount of sleep, without any practical reasons behind it
  • DSPS (delayed sleep phase syndrome): No disturbances in maintenance of sufficient sleep, but inability to accept sleep and inability to wake up at socially correct times or within the norms
  • Bruxism: Involuntary clenching of the teeth by an individual while being asleep
  • Narcolepsy: Sleeping tendency at daytime; falling asleep without a self-notice or under unwillingness
  • Syndrome of hypopnea: Slower or shallow respiratory rate during sleep
  • Cataplexy: An unpredictable weakness in motor muscles, caused all of a sudden, which can lead to collapse over the floor
  • Parasomnias: A combination of disruptive sleep happenings or incidences, such as observance of night terrors or walking during sleep
  • Night terror: Observance of terrorized incidental images during sleep, and waking up with a terrorized feel all of a sudden
  • RBD (Rapid Eye Movement and Behavior Disorder):  Acting violently or dramatically during sleep
  • RLS (Restless Legs Syndrome): An uncontrollable urge to swing or move legs while sleeping
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus: Involuntary movement and shake of limbs during sleep
  • Sleep paralysis: Observance of temporary paralysis in body, shortly pre or post sleeping
  • Sleep apnea: The person stops breathing periodically during sleep, this breathless condition may last from a few seconds to several minutes
  • Nocturnia: A frequent urge to go to the bathroom at bedtime
  • Somniphobia: A fear or unwillingness of falling asleep, majorly caused due to severe anxiety before bedtime
  • Somnambulism: Committing normal activities of being awake, while in a sleeping condition; these may include, walking, eating, without the conscience of the patient

These are the major sleeping disorders; some of them are widely prevalent among the mass, whereas some are rare. Some of these conditions are not typically considered as disorders, unless they reach severity. Most of these disorders are out of the conscience of the subject during occurrence. Hence, if any of your near ones complain to you about such habits of yours, you should not ignore it and grant it seriously. It would be beneficial if you take it in concern and see a doctor; these are medical conditions and have appropriate treatment scopes post diagnosis.